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Canberra is the capital city of Australia. With a population of over 320,000, it is Australia's largest inland city. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory, 174 miles south-west of Sydney, and 404 miles north-east of Melbourne. The site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital in 1908 as a compromise between Sydney and Melbourne, the two largest cities.
It is unusual among Australian cities, being an entirely purpose-built, planned city. Following an international contest, a design by the Chicago architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected and construction commenced in 1913. The city's design was heavily influenced by the garden city movement and incorporates significant areas of natural vegetation that have earned Canberra the title "bush capital.”
Text courtey of Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canberra